It was the worst nuclear accident in history—
that’s the part everyone knows. What’s less
known is that to this day many still choose to live
their lives and raise their families in the shadow
of Chernobyl. It’s to this world that acclaimed
comics creator Emmanuel Lepage went, expecting
monsters and discovering… beauty.
With its ample knowledge, demand, elevated
vocabulary, figurative language, and sophisticated
storytelling, Springtime in Chernobyl has a high
degree of text complexity. Yet with its engaging art, clear exposition, and personal voice, it is also
highly accessible. In short, it’s a perfect interdisciplinary graphic memoir for your school or library.
A Note on Genre. Springtime in Chernobyl
is at once a travel memoir, a historical account
of an unprecedented disaster and its aftermath,
and a personal narrative about what it means
to be an artist who interacts meaningfully with
the wider world. It is also, on every page, an
example of creative nonfiction. One genre it
is not, however, is a “graphic novel” as it is not
fictional; in fact, you may want to explain that
comics are a medium, and so can encompass
every genre that prose text does.
Activities are provided for extended learning Content Area Reading In keeping with what NCTE champions as the “incorporation of disciplinary literacy instruction,” educators in the natural and social sciences are encouraged to include Springtime in Chernobyl in their curriculum. To this end, correlations to NGSS and NCSS standards are provided in the same way that CCSS correlations are for ELA educators. In addition, these ELA standards themselves appear in both the “RL” and “RI” strands, reflecting the text’s status as both literary and informational.
COMMON CORE STATE STANDARDS 9-10
NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS 9-12
NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR SOCIAL STUDIES 9-12
Time, Continuity, and Change
People, Places, and Environments
Individual Development and Identity
Individuals, Groups, and Institutions
Power, Authority, and Governance
Production, Distribution and Consumption
Science, Technology, and Society
Ideals and Practices
Suggestions on how to support readers and differentiate instruction.
Using this Guide : This guide has been designed to work with 9-12 students in a range of settings. So whether Springtime in Chernobyl is a close reading text for whole group study, a reading circle title for fans of graphic literature, or simply an independent reading option in your school or classroom library.
ACTIVATING PRIOR KNOWLEDGE
Have students share background
knowledge to prepare them for
reading, filling in any gaps yourself as
reviewing the basics of radioactive
decay and its effect on living tissue,
the work of Marie Curie, how nuclear
reactors operate, and perhaps
technical terms such as dosimeter and microsieverts.
Make sure students have a
sense of the Cold War and its conclusion, and of
the Soviet Union and its Communist system of
government more generally.
You may want to practice navigating
pages with students, reviewing as needed formal
concepts such as panels, gutters, word balloons,
and narration (or caption) boxes.
English language learners
in addition to
clarifying any slang or idioms (e.g., rubbernecker), consider pairing
them with a native speaker to “act” the dialogue in difficult
passages, using the art’s facial expressions, color choices, and
mood to inform how they read/perform.
Coach them to pay closer
attention to the art, using it as a source of visual context clues.
In addition, you may want to translate in advance any passages
with foreign languages such as Ukrainian or Russian.
Stimulate critical thinking by
challenging them to track the numerous sketches Lepage makes
of other people and then to contrast them with how those
people “actually” look. Ask them to share any conclusions they
can make about his creative process.
Standards-aligned discussion questions that can double as writing prompts/assignments
1. What is effect of reading excerpts from Nobel Laureate Svetlana
Alexievich’s La Supplication while we travel into unknown lands? Why do
you think Lepage chose to begin his book this way?
2. How would you evaluate the evacuation of the area surrounding Chernobyl? In what sense could
the entire book be said to concern the consequences of the evacuation?
3. Compare and contrast the response of the Soviet Union and France
to the Chernobyl disaster. What considerations made the latter
downplay its effects? How is privately owned media similar to, or
different than, state-run media in a time of crisis?
4. The Chernobyl disaster occurred decades ago. Is it fair to use it as a model in an argument for why
nuclear power is inherently unsafe? And is such a question important to the author’s purpose in the
text? Why or why not?
5. What are the most heartbreaking aspects of the Chernobyl disaster? To what extent is it
impossible to capture real-life tragedy through words and pictures?
6. What can artists convey about a place such as Chernobyl that journalists and scientists can’t? And
does it matter what kind of artist one is?
7. In what ways can comics lead to, in the words of the text, “real change”? Is this book an example of
that—why or why not? Compare and contrast comics journalism with a more widespread art form,
8. Why do you think the author’s hand pain comes and goes mysteriously? Explain why you think it is,
or is not, an entirely physical phenomenon?
9. Pages 40, 41, and 42 all end with images of Vassia. What
are the important differences between them? How does
Vassia embody hope and dread at the same time, a key
theme of the book?
10. In what ways is the history of Chernobyl a
“Cold War tale,” and in what ways is it not?
11. What effect does the “tick tick” of the
dosimeter have in what is mostly a silent
12. Is Victor someone we should feel sympathetic toward? What do you think the author feels about him?
13. The text cites the “19th-Century romantic fascination for painting ruins,” but
notes that in Chernobyl “guilt plays a part.” What does the author mean by this?
Do you feel he is in any way exploiting the losses experienced by others? Be
sure to support your response with textual evidence.
14. In what ways is the “zone” now serene and stable? In what ways does it only seem to be?
Uncontrolled systems always evolve toward more stable states—that is, toward more
uniform energy distribution (e.g., water flows downhill, objects hotter than their surrounding
environment cool down).
15. Apparently Vassili feels that going into the zone without a mask makes one a “man.” What cultural
values does such a belief reflect, and how does it perpetuate them?
16. When Anya says that “The people of Chernobyl are like uprooted trees,” why is the simile so
powerful? Why did some older people return to the region despite the danger? How are they
different than, or similar to, other refugees you may know about?
17. Evaluate Pascal’s dental x-ray experiment, and explain how you
might improve upon it. What theory could be advanced by the
evidence that is collected?
18. When Lepage is overcome by the calm and
beauty of the abandoned highway in the forest, he
says he “must resort to scientific artifice.” What
does he mean by this? Is it somehow artificial or
misleading to note the microsievert levels on each of
his sketches? And does the situation help illustrate
the difference between qualitative and quantitative
approaches—why or why not?
19. “Where are the monsters?” Lepage asks, confused as to what sort of art he should be producing.
Later he becomes worried that his book will not be sufficiently anti-nuclear. What would you tell him
at such moments?
20. On pages 124-127 the author speculates about why people come to the edge of the zone. Do
you agree with any of his ideas, or do you feel there are other reasons? Explain with evidence from
the text, similar incidents or characters in literature, or from your own experience.
21. A favorite subject of visual artists across centuries and cultures has been the human figure against
a much larger landscape. Compare and contrast the artwork on pages 136-137 with a painting,
photograph, or film with similar subject matter. What is Lepage saying through his use of light and
shadow, and foreground versus background?
22. The text states that the farmhouse where the
author stayed became a kind of “phalanstery”—a
commune-like group where people work towards
their mutual benefit. Was this a likely outcome
given the setting, events, culture, and individuals
23. Towards the end of the book, the author asks, “But aren’t people the same everywhere?” What
evidence exists in the text that would lead him to think this?
24. The playfulness of the final pages recall an
earlier idea—that Chernobyl may actually be
“the land of childhood.” Has Lepage idealized the
community he found? Why or why not? Given
the Peter Pan motif and other thematic evidence
throughout, how does the text establish that the
author has rediscovered something essential and
childlike about himself?
To see how each question specifically lines up to the standards download the full teaching guide below.
The expressiveness of Lepage’s art often lends it a “lyrical”
quality. With this in mind, ask students to find a textless panel to use as
a poetry prompt. Examples can be found on pages 123, 133, 156, and
At one point Vassili wonders aloud, “Why are
you interested in us?”—to which Anatola adds, “There’s nothing here.”
Challenge students to compose an essay that describes a setting that may
seem empty or even bleak and yet nonetheless holds great meaning for
them. Prewriting tasks might include taking photos or making sketches for
On pages 82 and
83 Lepage takes stock of his early work,
noting the fantastical scenes and worlds
he was drawn to. Invite visual artists in any
medium to curate a representative portfolio
of their past work, and to draft a brief artist’s
statement that provides insight on what’s
been important to them and how they see
their work growing and evolving over the years.
Collaborating with partners or in groups of three, students can create minicomics that capture a compelling time and place much as Springtime in Chernobyl does. The setting
can be local or one that they have traveled to. Remind them to include a variety of text types such as
captions, word balloons, and sound effects/music. Also, point out that the emphasis is on evoking that
particular setting, not on establishing a narrative.
A reproducible worksheet with which students can practice “breaking down” the book’s visuals
See PDF of Worksheet Below
FOR FURTHER READING AND VIEWING
The titles listed below touch on themes such as government’s mistreatment of citizens, life under Communism, resiliency, community, and the importance of a connection to the natural world.
TEACHING GUIDES AVAILABLE!
They Called Us Enemy also
TEACHING GUIDES COMING SOON!
Tiananmen 1989: Our Shattered Hopes
YA HISTORICAL FICTION
With Radiant Girl, award-winning author Andrea White fashions a haunting
coming-of-age novel set in Chernobyl in 1986. With Springtime in Chernobyl now part of their
background knowledge, readers may find White’s work even more engaging.
NONFICTION AND DOCUMENTARY FILM
Springtime in Chernobyl’s excerpts from Svetlana
Alexievich’s La Supplication may spark student
interest in that book, whose English title is Voices
from Chernobyl. A gripping oral history, it is full of
firsthand accounts from liquidators, scientists, and
the everyday people who were in Chernobyl at
time of the accident. A thoughtful documentary
adaptation of the book was released in 2016.
For a full PDF printout of the teaching guide, download the PDF below titled "Springtime In Chernobyl Teaching Guide", under attachments.